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Systematic reviews English (18) French All (18)

Review: A critical review of recent clinical practice guidelines for pediatric urinary tract infection

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Chua M, Ming J, Chang SJ, Santos JD, Mistry N, Silangcruz JM, Bayley M, Koyle MA

Concerns regarding the quality, credibility, and applicability of recently published pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) clinical practice guidelines have been raised due to the inconsistencies of recommendations between them. This review aimed to determine the quality of the recent clinical practice guidelines on pediatric UTI by using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and summarize the standard of care in diagnosis and management of pediatric UTI from the top three clinical practice guidelines.

Review: Urinary tract infection in children

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Hudson A, Romao RLP, MacLellan D

This review presents summary recommendations for diagnosing urinary tract infection in children.

Review: The clinical diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children and adolescents

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Korbel L, Howell M, Spencer JD

In this manuscript, the authors review the diagnosis and management of acute and recurrent urinary tract infection in the paediatric and adolescent populations.

Systematic Review: Global prevalence of antibiotic resistance in paediatric urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli and association with routine use of antibiotics in primary care: systematic review and meta-analysis

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Bryce A, Hay AD, Lane IF, Thornton HV, Wootton M, Costelloe C

Objectives: To systematically review studies investigating the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in children and, when appropriate, to meta-analyse the relation between previous antibiotics prescribed in primary care and resistance.

Review: Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections in Children

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Doern CD, Richardson SE

This review discusses the management and laboratory diagnoses of urinary tract infections in children. Important factors, such as specimen collection, urinalysis interpretation, culture thresholds, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing are covered.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children

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Schwenger EM, Tejani AM, Loewen PS

This systematic review addressed the questions: Compared to placebo or no therapy, did probiotics (any formulation) provide a therapeutic advantage in terms of morbidity and mortality, when used to prevent UTI in susceptible patient populations? Compared to other prophylactic interventions, including drug and non-drug measures (e.g. continuous antibiotic prophylaxis, topical oestrogen, cranberry juice), did probiotics (any formulation) provide a therapeutic advantage in terms of morbidity and mortality when used to prevent UTIs in susceptible patient populations?

Cochrane Systematic Review: Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children

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Shaikh N, Borrell JL, Evron J, Leeflang MM

The objectives of this review were to 1) determine whether procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate can replace the acute DMSA scan in the diagnostic evaluation of children with urinary tract infections; 2) assess the influence of patient and study characteristics on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests, and 3) compare the performance of the three tests to each other.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children

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Strohmeier Y, Hodson EM, Willis NS, Webster AC, Craig JC

The objectives of this review were to evaluate the benefits and harms of antibiotics used to treat children with acute pyelonephritis. The aspects of therapy considered were 1) different antibiotics, 2) different dosing regimens of the same antibiotic, 3) different duration of treatment, and 4) different routes of administration.

Review: Pediatric urinary tract infection: does the evidence support aggressively pursuing the diagnosis?

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Newman DH, Shreves AE, Runde DP

The authors review both early and emerging literature to examine the utility and efficacy of early identification and treatment of urinary tract infection in children younger than 24 months.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for treating lower urinary tract infection in children

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Fitzgerald A, Mori R, Lakhanpaul M, Tullus K

This review aims to summarise the benefits and harms of antibiotics for treating lower urinary tract infection in children.

Systematic Review: Technical reportDiagnosis and management of an initial UTI in febrile infants and young children

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Finnell SM, Carroll AE, Downs SM; Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection

This report was developed to inform the revised, evidence-based, clinical guideline regarding the diagnosis and management of initial urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children, 2 to 24 months of age, from the American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection.

Systematic Review: Urinary tract infection: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2 to 24 months

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Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection, Steering Committee on Quality Improv...

The objectives of this review are to revise the American Academy of Pediatrics practice parameter regarding the diagnosis and management of initial urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children

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Williams G, Craig JC

The objectives of this review are to determine the efficacy and harms of long-term antibiotics to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections in children.

Systematic Review: Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis

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Williams GJ, Macaskill P, Chan SF, Turner RM, Hodson E, Craig JC

Rapid urine tests, such as microscopy, for bacteria and white cells, and dipsticks, for leucocyte esterase and nitrites, are often used in children that are unwell to guide early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection. This review aimed to establish whether these tests were sufficiently sensitive to avoid urine culture in children with negative results and to compare the accuracy of dipsticks with microscopy.

Review: Does this child have a urinary tract infection?

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Shaikh N, Morone NE, Lopez J, Chianese J, Sangvai S, D'Amico F, Hoberman A, W...

This article reviews the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in infants and children.

Systematic Review: Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and investigation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model

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Whiting P, Westwood M, Bojke L, Palmer S, Richardson G, Cooper J, Watt I, Gla...

The objectives of this systematic review are to determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests for detecting urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under 5 years of age and to evaluate the effectiveness of tests used to investigate further children with confirmed UTI. Also, to evaluate the effectiveness of following up children with UTI and the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic and imaging tests for the diagnosis and follow-up of UTI in children under 5. An additional objective was to develop a preliminary diagnostic algorithm for healthcare professionals.

Systematic Review: Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years

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Whiting P, Westwood M, Watt I, Cooper J, Kleijnen J

This systematic review was conducted to determine the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for detecting urinary tract infection in children under five years of age.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Short versus standard duration oral antibiotic therapy for acute urinary tract infection in children

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Michael M, Hodson EM, Craig JC, Martin S, Moyer VA

The objective of this review was to assess the benefits and harms of short-course (2-4 days) compared to standard duration (7-14 days) oral antibiotic treatment for acute urinary tract infection in children.

Review: A critical review of recent clinical practice guidelines for pediatric urinary tract infection

Visit

Chua M, Ming J, Chang SJ, Santos JD, Mistry N, Silangcruz JM, Bayley M, Koyle MA

Concerns regarding the quality, credibility, and applicability of recently published pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) clinical practice guidelines have been raised due to the inconsistencies of recommendations between them. This review aimed to determine the quality of the recent clinical practice guidelines on pediatric UTI by using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument, and summarize the standard of care in diagnosis and management of pediatric UTI from the top three clinical practice guidelines.

Review: Urinary tract infection in children

Visit

Hudson A, Romao RLP, MacLellan D

This review presents summary recommendations for diagnosing urinary tract infection in children.

Review: The clinical diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections in children and adolescents

Visit

Korbel L, Howell M, Spencer JD

In this manuscript, the authors review the diagnosis and management of acute and recurrent urinary tract infection in the paediatric and adolescent populations.

Systematic Review: Global prevalence of antibiotic resistance in paediatric urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli and association with routine use of antibiotics in primary care: systematic review and meta-analysis

Visit

Bryce A, Hay AD, Lane IF, Thornton HV, Wootton M, Costelloe C

Objectives: To systematically review studies investigating the prevalence of antibiotic resistance in urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in children and, when appropriate, to meta-analyse the relation between previous antibiotics prescribed in primary care and resistance.

Review: Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections in Children

Visit

Doern CD, Richardson SE

This review discusses the management and laboratory diagnoses of urinary tract infections in children. Important factors, such as specimen collection, urinalysis interpretation, culture thresholds, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing are covered.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children

Visit

Schwenger EM, Tejani AM, Loewen PS

This systematic review addressed the questions: Compared to placebo or no therapy, did probiotics (any formulation) provide a therapeutic advantage in terms of morbidity and mortality, when used to prevent UTI in susceptible patient populations? Compared to other prophylactic interventions, including drug and non-drug measures (e.g. continuous antibiotic prophylaxis, topical oestrogen, cranberry juice), did probiotics (any formulation) provide a therapeutic advantage in terms of morbidity and mortality when used to prevent UTIs in susceptible patient populations?

Cochrane Systematic Review: Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children

Visit

Shaikh N, Borrell JL, Evron J, Leeflang MM

The objectives of this review were to 1) determine whether procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate can replace the acute DMSA scan in the diagnostic evaluation of children with urinary tract infections; 2) assess the influence of patient and study characteristics on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests, and 3) compare the performance of the three tests to each other.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for acute pyelonephritis in children

Visit

Strohmeier Y, Hodson EM, Willis NS, Webster AC, Craig JC

The objectives of this review were to evaluate the benefits and harms of antibiotics used to treat children with acute pyelonephritis. The aspects of therapy considered were 1) different antibiotics, 2) different dosing regimens of the same antibiotic, 3) different duration of treatment, and 4) different routes of administration.

Review: Pediatric urinary tract infection: does the evidence support aggressively pursuing the diagnosis?

Visit

Newman DH, Shreves AE, Runde DP

The authors review both early and emerging literature to examine the utility and efficacy of early identification and treatment of urinary tract infection in children younger than 24 months.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for treating lower urinary tract infection in children

Visit

Fitzgerald A, Mori R, Lakhanpaul M, Tullus K

This review aims to summarise the benefits and harms of antibiotics for treating lower urinary tract infection in children.

Systematic Review: Technical reportDiagnosis and management of an initial UTI in febrile infants and young children

Visit

Finnell SM, Carroll AE, Downs SM; Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection

This report was developed to inform the revised, evidence-based, clinical guideline regarding the diagnosis and management of initial urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children, 2 to 24 months of age, from the American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection.

Systematic Review: Urinary tract infection: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2 to 24 months

Visit

Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection, Steering Committee on Quality Improv...

The objectives of this review are to revise the American Academy of Pediatrics practice parameter regarding the diagnosis and management of initial urinary tract infections in febrile infants and young children.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children

Visit

Williams G, Craig JC

The objectives of this review are to determine the efficacy and harms of long-term antibiotics to prevent recurrent urinary tract infections in children.

Systematic Review: Absolute and relative accuracy of rapid urine tests for urinary tract infection in children: a meta-analysis

Visit

Williams GJ, Macaskill P, Chan SF, Turner RM, Hodson E, Craig JC

Rapid urine tests, such as microscopy, for bacteria and white cells, and dipsticks, for leucocyte esterase and nitrites, are often used in children that are unwell to guide early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection. This review aimed to establish whether these tests were sufficiently sensitive to avoid urine culture in children with negative results and to compare the accuracy of dipsticks with microscopy.

Review: Does this child have a urinary tract infection?

Visit

Shaikh N, Morone NE, Lopez J, Chianese J, Sangvai S, D'Amico F, Hoberman A, W...

This article reviews the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in infants and children.

Systematic Review: Clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tests for the diagnosis and investigation of urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and economic model

Visit

Whiting P, Westwood M, Bojke L, Palmer S, Richardson G, Cooper J, Watt I, Gla...

The objectives of this systematic review are to determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests for detecting urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under 5 years of age and to evaluate the effectiveness of tests used to investigate further children with confirmed UTI. Also, to evaluate the effectiveness of following up children with UTI and the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic and imaging tests for the diagnosis and follow-up of UTI in children under 5. An additional objective was to develop a preliminary diagnostic algorithm for healthcare professionals.

Systematic Review: Rapid tests and urine sampling techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children under five years

Visit

Whiting P, Westwood M, Watt I, Cooper J, Kleijnen J

This systematic review was conducted to determine the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for detecting urinary tract infection in children under five years of age.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Short versus standard duration oral antibiotic therapy for acute urinary tract infection in children

Visit

Michael M, Hodson EM, Craig JC, Martin S, Moyer VA

The objective of this review was to assess the benefits and harms of short-course (2-4 days) compared to standard duration (7-14 days) oral antibiotic treatment for acute urinary tract infection in children.

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