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Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common, symptomatic infection of the middle ear. Nasopharyngeal secretions that contain viruses and bacteria can enter the middle ear via the eustachian tube. Usually the middle ear drains well but if there is eustachian tube swelling, fluid from the middle ear may not drain properly. Under these conditions bacteria and viruses present in the middle ear can multiply, creating clinical AOM.

BROWSE EVIDENCE REPOSITORY

 

Systematic reviews English (9) French All (9)

Systematic Review: A systematic review and meta-analysis of antimicrobial resistance in paediatric acute otitis media

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Michael W. Mathera, Michael Drinnana, John D. Perryc, Steven Powellb, Janet A...

Objective: We present a comprehensive review and meta-analysis, of both the microbiology and antimicrobial resistance of AOM organisms to commonly used antimicrobial agents, with the aim of informing responsible antimicrobial stewardship.

Review: From paper to practice: Strategies for improving antibiotic stewardship in the pediatric ambulatory setting.

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Bozzella MJ, Harik N, Newland JG, Hamdy RF

Objective: The intent with this review is to provide an overview of strategies that pediatric providers can take from paper to practice.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Systemic corticosteroids for acute otitis media in children

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Ranakusuma RW, Pitoyo Y, Safitri ED, Thorning S, Beller EM, Sastroasmoro S, D...

Objective: To assess the effects of systemic corticosteroids (oral or parenteral), with or without antibiotics, for AOM in children.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Influenza vaccines for preventing acute otitis media in infants and children

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Norhayati MN, Ho JJ, Azman MY

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in reducing the occurrence of acute otitis media in infants and children.

Review: Antibiotic therapy for children with acute otitis media

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Sakulchit T, Goldman RD

Objective: Review of AOM and the evidence regarding use of antibiotics or watchful waiting to treat children at different levels of disease severity.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alone or combined, for pain relief in acute otitis media in children

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Sjoukes A, Venekamp RP, van de Pol AC, Hay AD, Little P, Schilder AG, Damoise...

Objective: Our primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of paracetamol (acetaminophen) or NSAIDs, alone or combined, compared with placebo or no treatment in relieving pain in children with AOM. Our secondary objective was to assess the effectiveness of NSAIDs compared with paracetamol in children with AOM.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for otitis media with effusion in children

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Venekamp RP, Burton MJ, van Dongen TM, van der Heijden GJ, van Zon A, Schilde...

Objective: To assess the benefits and harms of oral antibiotics in children up to 18 years with OME.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children

Visit

Venekamp RP, Sanders SL, Glasziou PP, Del Mar CB, Rovers MM

Objective: To assess the effects of antibiotics for children with AOM.

Systematic Review: Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance in individual patients: systematic review and meta-analysis

Visit

Costelloe C, Metcalfe C, Lovering A, Mant D, Hay AD

Objective: To systematically review the literature and, where appropriate, meta-analyse studies investigating subsequent antibiotic resistance in individuals prescribed antibiotics in primary care.

Systematic Review: A systematic review and meta-analysis of antimicrobial resistance in paediatric acute otitis media

Visit

Michael W. Mathera, Michael Drinnana, John D. Perryc, Steven Powellb, Janet A...

Objective: We present a comprehensive review and meta-analysis, of both the microbiology and antimicrobial resistance of AOM organisms to commonly used antimicrobial agents, with the aim of informing responsible antimicrobial stewardship.

Review: From paper to practice: Strategies for improving antibiotic stewardship in the pediatric ambulatory setting.

Visit

Bozzella MJ, Harik N, Newland JG, Hamdy RF

Objective: The intent with this review is to provide an overview of strategies that pediatric providers can take from paper to practice.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Systemic corticosteroids for acute otitis media in children

Visit

Ranakusuma RW, Pitoyo Y, Safitri ED, Thorning S, Beller EM, Sastroasmoro S, D...

Objective: To assess the effects of systemic corticosteroids (oral or parenteral), with or without antibiotics, for AOM in children.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Influenza vaccines for preventing acute otitis media in infants and children

Visit

Norhayati MN, Ho JJ, Azman MY

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of influenza vaccine in reducing the occurrence of acute otitis media in infants and children.

Review: Antibiotic therapy for children with acute otitis media

Visit

Sakulchit T, Goldman RD

Objective: Review of AOM and the evidence regarding use of antibiotics or watchful waiting to treat children at different levels of disease severity.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alone or combined, for pain relief in acute otitis media in children

Visit

Sjoukes A, Venekamp RP, van de Pol AC, Hay AD, Little P, Schilder AG, Damoise...

Objective: Our primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of paracetamol (acetaminophen) or NSAIDs, alone or combined, compared with placebo or no treatment in relieving pain in children with AOM. Our secondary objective was to assess the effectiveness of NSAIDs compared with paracetamol in children with AOM.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for otitis media with effusion in children

Visit

Venekamp RP, Burton MJ, van Dongen TM, van der Heijden GJ, van Zon A, Schilde...

Objective: To assess the benefits and harms of oral antibiotics in children up to 18 years with OME.

Cochrane Systematic Review: Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children

Visit

Venekamp RP, Sanders SL, Glasziou PP, Del Mar CB, Rovers MM

Objective: To assess the effects of antibiotics for children with AOM.

Systematic Review: Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance in individual patients: systematic review and meta-analysis

Visit

Costelloe C, Metcalfe C, Lovering A, Mant D, Hay AD

Objective: To systematically review the literature and, where appropriate, meta-analyse studies investigating subsequent antibiotic resistance in individuals prescribed antibiotics in primary care.

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