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Pediatric head trauma is one of the most common reasons for consultation in the ED, and can be mild, moderate or severe. The most common causes of head trauma in children and youth presenting to Canadian EDs include falls, sports-related injuries, being hit on the head by an object or by colliding with an obstacle, or injuries involving bicycles and motor vehicles. Annual rates range from 130 to 200 cases per 100,000 population, leading to at least 20,000 emergency department visits in Canadian pediatric hospitals per year.

BROWSE EVIDENCE REPOSITORY

 

Systematic reviews English (6) French All (6)

Systematic Review: Perioperative Care for Pediatric Patients With Penetrating Brain Injury: A Review

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Mikhael M, Frost E, Cristancho M

We present an overview of PBI, its presenting features, epidemiology, and causes as well as an analysis of case series and the conclusions that may be drawn from those and other studies.

Systematic Review: The ketamine effect on ICP in traumatic brain injury

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Zeiler FA, Teitelbaum J, West M, Gillman LM

Our goal was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of ketamine in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its effects on intracranial pressure (ICP).

Systematic Review: Haemostatic drugs for traumatic brain injury

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Perel P, Roberts I, Shakur H, Thinkhamrop B, Phuenpathom N, Yutthakasemsunt S

To assess the effects of haemostatic drugs on mortality, disability and thrombotic complications inpatientswith traumatic brain injury.

Systematic Review: Hypothermia for traumatic head injury

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Sydenham E, Roberts I, Alderson P

To estimate the effect of mild hypothermia for traumaticheadinjury on mortality and long-term functional outcome complications.

Systematic Review: Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury

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Alderson P, Roberts I

To quantify the effectiveness and safety of corticosteroids in the treatment ofacutetraumatic brain injury.

Systematic Review: Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists

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Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson R

To determine whether bicycle helmets reducehead, brain and facial injury for bicyclists of all ages involved in a bicycle crash or fall.

Systematic Review: Perioperative Care for Pediatric Patients With Penetrating Brain Injury: A Review

Visit

Mikhael M, Frost E, Cristancho M

We present an overview of PBI, its presenting features, epidemiology, and causes as well as an analysis of case series and the conclusions that may be drawn from those and other studies.

Systematic Review: The ketamine effect on ICP in traumatic brain injury

Visit

Zeiler FA, Teitelbaum J, West M, Gillman LM

Our goal was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of ketamine in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its effects on intracranial pressure (ICP).

Systematic Review: Haemostatic drugs for traumatic brain injury

Visit

Perel P, Roberts I, Shakur H, Thinkhamrop B, Phuenpathom N, Yutthakasemsunt S

To assess the effects of haemostatic drugs on mortality, disability and thrombotic complications inpatientswith traumatic brain injury.

Systematic Review: Hypothermia for traumatic head injury

Visit

Sydenham E, Roberts I, Alderson P

To estimate the effect of mild hypothermia for traumaticheadinjury on mortality and long-term functional outcome complications.

Systematic Review: Corticosteroids for acute traumatic brain injury

Visit

Alderson P, Roberts I

To quantify the effectiveness and safety of corticosteroids in the treatment ofacutetraumatic brain injury.

Systematic Review: Helmets for preventing head and facial injuries in bicyclists

Visit

Thompson DC, Rivara FP, Thompson R

To determine whether bicycle helmets reducehead, brain and facial injury for bicyclists of all ages involved in a bicycle crash or fall.