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High-Flow Nasal Cannula Use Outside of the ICU Setting.

High-Flow Nasal Cannula Use Outside of the ICU Setting.

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To describe the practice of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) use in the pediatric ward setting across North America. HFNC is used outside the ICU in nearly 50% of responding hospitals, with variation related to flow rate, feeding, and protocol use. HFNC is used for management of acute respiratory distress due to bronchiolitis, asthma, and pneumonia. Study findings suggest that HFNC is often used by pediatric hospitalists, but its use across North American hospitals remains variable and based on local consensus.