A urinary tract infection (UTI) is among the most common serious bacterial infections seen in infants and children. UTI with fever indicates an upper tract infection/pyelonephritis, as opposed to afebrile cystitis. It is important to diagnose and empirically treat febrile UTIs in infants and children, as delayed treatment may increase the risk of bacteremia. There are a number of risk factors associated with increased rates of UTI in young children such as age, gender and height of fever.
Click here to find key facts and recommendations for managing pediatric UTI in the emergency department – Bottom Line Recommendations available in both French and English!