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Concussion is “a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain, induced by traumatic biomechanical forces.” Concussion results from acceleration and deceleration forces which may be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere on the body with an 'impulsive' force transmitted to the head.

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Bottom Line Recommendations

Bottom Line: Management of Acute Symptoms Algorithm (2014)

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Zemek, R, Duval, S, Dematteo, C, Solomon, B, Keightley, M, Osmond, M,

This document is intended to guide health care professionals in diagnosing and managing pediatric concussion. See Page 48 of this document for the Management of Acute Symptoms Algorithm (Tool 2.1).

Bottom Line: Child-SCAT3: Sport Concussion Assessment Tool for children ages 5 to 12 years (2013)

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Concussion in Sport Group,

The ChildSCAT3 is a standardized tool for evaluating injured children for concussion and can be used in children aged from 5 to 12 years.

Bottom Line: SCAT3: Sport Concussion Assessment Tool - 3rd Edition (2013)

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Concussion in Sport Group,

The SCAT3 is a standardized tool for evaluating injured athletes for concussion and can be used in athletes aged from 13 years and older.

Recommendations de Base: Commotion Cérébrale

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Zemek R & TREKK Network

Bottom line recommendations for the treatment and management of concussion- French. Published online: March, 2015.

Bottom Line Recommendations: Concussion

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Zemek R & TREKK Network

Bottom line recommendations for the treatment and management of concussion. Published online: January 2015.

Bottom Line: Acute Concussion Evaluation (ACE): Physician/Clinician Office Version (2006)

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Gioia, G, Collins, M,

The ACE is intended to provide an evidence-based clinical protocol to conduct an initial evaluation and diagnosis of patients (both children and adults) with known or suspected mild traumatic brain injury.