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Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common, symptomatic infection of the middle ear. Nasopharyngeal secretions that contain viruses and bacteria can enter the middle ear via the eustachian tube. Usually the middle ear drains well but if there is eustachian tube swelling, fluid from the middle ear may not drain properly. Under these conditions bacteria and viruses present in the middle ear can multiply, creating clinical AOM.

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Clinical guidelines

Clinical Practice Guideline: Management of acute otitis media in children six months of age and older

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Le Saux N, Robinson JL, Canadian Paediatric Society, Infectious Diseases and ...

The present position statement updates a previous Canadian Paediatric Society document released in 2009, outlining the management of acute otitis media in children six months of age and older.

Clinical Practice Guideline: The diagnosis and management of acute otitis media

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Lieberthal AS, Carroll AE, Chonmaitree T, Ganiats TG, Hoberman A, Jackson MA,...

This evidence-based clinical practice guideline is a revision of the 2004 acute otitis media guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Academy of Family Physicians. It provides recommendations to primary care clinicians for the management of children from 6 months through 12 years of age with uncomplicated acute otitis media.