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Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children, and acute exacerbations of asthma are one of the most common reasons for children to seek emergency care and require urgent hospitalization. Approximately half to two-thirds of children with asthma who seek emergency care can be classified as having mild respiratory distress, and between 2 and 5% have severe respiratory distress; the remainder has moderate respiratory distress.

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Emergency Medicine Cases Podcast: Management of Acute Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations (2016)

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Dr. Dennis Scolnik & Dr. Sanjay Mehta

Episode 79: In this EM Cases episode on Pediatric Asthma, Dr. Dennis Scolnik and Dr. Sanjay Mehta discuss risk stratification (including the PASS and PRAM scores), indications for CXR, the value of blood gases, MDIs with spacer vs nebulizers for salbutamol and ipatropium bromide, the best way to give corticosteroids, the value of inhaled steroids, the importance of early administration of magnesium sulphate in the sickest kids, and the controversies around the use of ketamine, heliox, high flow nasal cannuala oxygen, NIPPV, epinephrine and IV salbutamol in severe asthma exacerbations. With the multinational and extensive experience of Dr. Dennis Scolnik, the clinical fellowship Program Director at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and Dr. Sanjay Mehta, multiple award winning educator, you'll become more comfortable the next time you are faced with a child presenting with asthma in your ED. Published online: April 2016.